For many years, Western media theories and journalism practices have been the hallmark of the journalism profession in Africa. However, the globalised nature of our world which has become interconnected and interdependent, spawned by increasing technological changes, underlines the importance of analysing journalism practices and new media in Nigeria from a global perspective. Theories of the present global media ecology have therefore, become unsustainable and unsatisfactory (Cottle, 2009). Globalisation opens up the opportunity to study journalism practice and culture as a hybrid (McMillin, 2007), hence the need for a definition of journalism that can reflect and accommodate the global political differences and culture (Wasserman and de Beer, 2009). Research in journalism studies around the world consistently highlights the existence of similarities and differences across cultures which signify the natural diversities in our world. Previous studies on journalism ethics and routines, including editorial conventions in the United States, Europe and Africa show similarities (Hanitzsch, 2009, 413), while other studies have also shown that there are differences in the way journalists from various countries sees their roles when making news judgements in their professional callings (Hanusch, 2008a).



1.1      Background of the study

The emergence of data‐driven journalism (DDJ) can be understood as journalism’s response to the datafication of society. In fact, the phenomena of ‘big data’ and an increasingly data‐driven society are doubly relevant for journalism: Firstly, it is a topic worth covering so that the related developments and their consequences can be understood in context and public debate about them can be encouraged. Secondly, the ‘quantitative turn’ (Coddington, 2015) has already begun to affect news production itself and has given rise to novel ways of identifying and telling stories (Lewis and Usher, 2014): As a consequence, we are witnessing the emergence of a new journalistic sub‐field often described as ‘computational journalism’ (Karlsen and Stavelin, 2014) or ‘data‐driven journalism’ (Borges‐Rey, 2016: 840), acronymously known as, ‘DDJ’. The extensive attention that practitioners pay to DDJ has also fuelled ‘an explosion in data journalism‐ oriented scholarship’ (Fink and Anderson, 2015: 476). This research is based on case studies, cursory observations, and/or samples that are limited in spatio‐temporal terms. We aim to complement this body of work with a longitudinal, international study of what may be considered the gold‐standard among practitioners: projects nominated for the Data Journalism Awards (DJA) from 2013 to 2015. Through a content analysis of these pieces we look at how this new reporting style and its key components (e.g. data sources and types, visualisation strategies, interactive features) develop over time. Three years may appear to be a rather short period for a longitudinal analysis, but given the ‘rapidly changing nature’ (Royal and Blasingame, 2015: 41) of data journalism, we expect it to be long enough to shed an initial light on developments in the field. The surprising ability of new media technologies to transform journalism practice cannot be overemphasized. Many scholars have demonstrated how the internet provides media personnel with unrivalled access to information for research purposes. Berger (1997) notes how internet technology has enabled journalists to “…tap into the collective brain, wit and wisdom of thousands of knowledgeable journalists and non-journalists” (Berger, 1997:124). Like the newspaper and broadcast industries themselves, there is not a lot of investment in journalists in Africa. In most cases, newspaper organisations are under-resourced and most journalists in Nigeria echoed their problem of economic stagnation by not being paid regularly. Yet they continue to engage with modern technology. For a long time, there has been a debate about the impact of the rise of internet technology on traditional news media, such as newspapers. However, the influence of internet and other digital technologies on news reporting is often formulated in terms of threats to the existing order in traditional journalism practice and the need to examine and modernise journalists’ routines in Africa. Pavlik (2000) notes that the dominant focus in earlier studies of new media and journalism has been technologically themed based on the argument that new content is crucially determined by the available technology. There is no doubt that technological innovations driven by internet technology pose a challenge to journalism profession in Africa. However, the rise of internet technology offers a platform for transformation, asnew possibilities provided by the internet lend credibility to content. Hence, the importance of the internet as a news-gathering instrument is no longer questioned, since news accuracy is backed by new technology. This study addresses two key questions: Would the new technology improve the overall quality of news and the ensure credibility of the system? Earlier studies suggest that differences occur between journalists in terms of how, and to what extent, they use the internet in their daily work. While this has changed the daily practice of journalists but, are journalists positive about the changes brought about by the internet.The literature on journalists and the news media in Nigeria portrays a negative image (Abidde, 2008; Idowu, 2014). It suggests that the standard of the journalism profession in Nigeria has dropped considerably, and this, the study interrogates. The literature suggests that journalists in Nigeria face various challenges including poor or irregular wages, job insecurity, overbearing influence of media proprietors, poor working environment and threat to personal safety. Journalists seem not to 2 be holding on to their professional calling any longer (Golwa, 2011; Daramola, 2013). They tend to have abandoned the ideals of the Fourth Estate theory of standing for truth and serving as the conscience of society (Golwa, 2011; Jibo&Okoosi-Simbine, 2003; Ochogwu, 2011; Pate, 2011). Journalists in Nigeria are also accused of taking financial or other inducements to write or suppress stories, bias, partisanship, promoting ethno-religious interests, and the fabrication of stories in their coverage, in particular, of political activities and social conflicts (Adeyemi, 2013; Daramola, 2006; Suraj, 2013; UNDP, 2010). For example, Idowu (2014), head of a non-government organization, Media Rights Agenda, which has been involved in the training of journalists and promotion of a free and responsible media in Nigeria for over 15 years, described the coverage of the abduction in 2014, of over 200 school girls in ChibokBorno State, Nigeria, by Boko Haram insurgents as a reflection of the state of the news media in the country.Ironically, the return of democracy in 1999, when more vibrancy was expected by the news media in Nigeria, marked an alleged slide into degeneracy, as journalists were accused of shying away from their responsibilities as watchdogs and the conscience of the society (Adeyemi, 2013; Jibo&Okoosi-Simbine, 2003). Several reasons were gleaned from the literature as the cause of the situation. A weak resource base, poor remuneration for media professionals, inadequate security cover in the course of duty, inadequate facilities, and poor and/or irregular pay resulting in high staff turnover, are identified as some of the factors undermining the performance of journalists in Nigeria (Golwa, 2011; Schiffrin&Behrmann, 2011 and Pate, 2011a). Although similar challenges face journalists in other developing countries to varying degrees, the literature on the Nigerian situation suggests that news professionals seem to have also lost the will or drive to stand up to the challenges as they did during the struggle for the country’s independence and the return to democracy from military rule (Adesoji, 2006; Daramola, 2006). At both periods in the country’s history, journalists were undaunted by the challenges of their profession but stood firm in the face of threats, imprisonment, killings and proscriptions. They now appear to have given up on upholding their professional ethos and adopted the mantra, ‘if you cannot beat them, join them’ (Adesoji, 2006; Omoera, 2010).


For decades, media scholars have been scrutinizing which views and voices are priviledged and which are neglected in media coverage. Decisions about who and what gets attention are intimately connected to sourcing practices: what sources journalists consider to be credible, how they prioritize them, and what they do with the information that they have sourced. While data journalism’s advocates promise a turn from opinion to evidence, anecdote to analysis, and punditry to statistical predictions, what matters is not only the nature of the source information (e.g. whether it is an interview or a database), but also where it is from, how it was produced, and what it is for. So far, my own research on data operations at major media outlets has confirmed the fact that data journalists tend to rely heavily on a small number of established sources: mainly government bodies (such as national statistical agencies or finance departments), international institutions (such as the EU, the OECD or the World Bank) and companies (such as audit or polling companies). It is on this premise that the researcher intend to investigate the instances of data driven journalism in daily trust 2016-2018.


The main objective of the study is to investigate the instances of data driven journalism in daily trust 2016-2018. But to aid the completion of the study; the researcher intends to achieve the following specific objective;

i)            To ascertain the effectiveness of data driven journalism in Daily trust news reportage

ii)           To examine the impact of  new media in promoting data driven journalism in Nigeria

iii)         To examine the role of  ICT in promoting data driven journalism in Nigeria

iv)         To ascertain the relationship between data driven journalism and traditional journalism approach in news reporting


The following research hypotheses were formulated to aid the completion of the study;

H0: ICT does not play any significant role in promoting data driven journalism in Nigeria

H1: ICT does play a significant role in promoting data driven journalism in Nigeria

H0:there is no significant relationship between data driven journalism and traditional journalism approach in news reporting

H2:there is a significant relationship between data driven journalism and traditional journalism approach in news reporting


At the completion of the study, it is believed that the findings will be of great benefit to the student of mass communication, as the study seek to explore the merit of data driven journalism on the authenticity of news reportage, the study will also be useful to practicing journalist as the study seek to enlighten them on the efficiency of data driven reporting/journalism. The study will also be of great importance to researchers who intend to embark on a study in a similar topic as the study will serve as a reference point to further research, finally, the study will be of importance to student, potential journalist, lecturers, teachers and the general public as the study will contribute to the pool of existing literature on the subject matter.


The scope of the study covers instances of data driven journalism in the daily trust from 2016-2018, but in the cause of the study, there were some factors that limited the scope of the study;

a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

c) Finance: Limited Access to the required finance by the researcher makes it cumbersome to broaden the scope of the study


Data driven journalism

Data-driven journalism, often shortened to “ddj”, is a term in use since 2009, to describe a journalistic process based on analyzing and filtering large data sets for the purpose of creating or elevating a news story.


Journalism is the activity of gathering, assessing, creating, and presenting news and information. It is also the product of these activities

Daily trust

Media Trust is a privately held Nigerian newspaper publishing company based in Abuja that publishes the English-language Daily Trust, Weekly Trust, Sunday Trust and the Hausa-language Aminiya newspapers


Information and communication technology is another/extensional term for information technology that stresses the role of unified


This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.  Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.


Do you need help? Talk to us right now: (+234) 8111770269, 08111770269 (Call/WhatsApp). Email: [email protected]


Disclaimer: This PDF Material Content is Developed by the copyright owner to Serve as a RESEARCH GUIDE for Students to Conduct Academic Research. You are allowed to use the original PDF Research Material Guide you will receive in the following ways: 1. As a source for additional understanding of the project topic. 2. As a source for ideas for you own academic research work (if properly referenced). 3. For PROPER paraphrasing ( see your school definition of plagiarism and acceptable paraphrase). 4. Direct citing ( if referenced properly). Thank you so much for your respect for the authors copyright. Do you need help? Talk to us right now: (+234) 8111770269, 08111770269 (Call/WhatsApp). Email: [email protected]

Purchase Detail

Hello, we’re glad you stopped by, you can download the complete project materials to this project with Abstract, Chapters 1 – 5, References and Appendix (Questionaire, Charts, etc) for N4000 ($15) only, To pay with Paypal, Bitcoin or Ethereum; please click here to chat us up via Whatsapp.
You can also call 08111770269 or +2348059541956 to place an order or use the whatsapp button below to chat us up.
Bank details are stated below.

Bank: UBA
Account No: 1021412898
Account Name: Starnet Innovations Limited

The Blazingprojects Mobile App

Download and install the Blazingprojects Mobile App from Google Play to enjoy over 50,000 project topics and materials from 73 departments, completely offline (no internet needed) with the project topics updated Monthly, click here to install.

0/5 (0 Reviews)
Read Previous

Studies On The Co-Infectivity Of Hiv And Atypical Mycobacteria – Complete project material

Read Next


Translate »